If you are a client (but not a domestic client, ie you or your family live in the building under construction) then you must ensure that your contractors have arrangements to provide adequate welfare facilities for construction workers. This does not mean that you have to provide the facilities yourself. If the work is notifiable (that is lasts more than 30 days or will involve more than 500 person days of work) then you must ensure that construction work (including demolition) does not start until suitable welfare facilities are in place.
You should give suitable and sufficient advice to the client on the measures needed to ensure that suitable welfare is provided during the construction phase.
You should make sure that suitable welfare facilities are provided from the start and are maintained throughout the construction phase.
Contractors (including the self-employed)
In all cases you should ensure that there are adequate welfare facilities for workers under your control.
The availability of welfare facilities, their location on site and regular maintenance must be considered at the planning and preparation stages of every construction project, before construction work (including demolition) starts.
When planning welfare provision, consider:
- The nature of the work to be carried out and the health risks associated with it. For example, consider the provision of showers if the project involves hazardous substances or very dirty work, eg sewer maintenance, dusty demolition activities, work with contaminated land or concrete pouring
- The distance workers will have to travel to the welfare facilities
- The duration of the work and number of different locations
- The numbers of people who will use them
- The cleaning and maintenance of the welfare facilities
- Whether they need to be relocated during the construction phase.
You need to plan how welfare units will be moved from delivery vehicles into position. It is preferable to mechanically move these units; if manual handling cannot be avoided then you should manage the risk effectively. Your plans should cover safe lifting practices and ensure proper protection of workers from falls from vehicles or portable units. They can be installed easily and quickly and removed quickly too.
You should site welfare units and manage traffic effectively to ensure adequate segregation of pedestrians and vehicles.